ISSN 1305-3515
 

Research Article 


Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning

Yýlmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard.

Abstract
This study presents a phenomenographic argument regarding Turkish prospective teachers’ (PTs) beliefs about teaching and learning that vary depending on their experiences. A phenomenographic research study was conducted to capture and interpret the PTs’ documentations regarding the conception of instruction. The participants were 54 senior pre-service student teachers. Qualitative data were gathered through phenomenographic interviewing. The data were analysed interpretatively, and categories of description were derived to establish an outcome space for supporting the phenomenographic argument. The outcome space incorporates three hierarchical levels of the PTs’ conceptions of teaching and learning: subject-centred teaching, individual-centred learning, and learner-centred teaching-learning. It turned out that the PTs held considerably conventional, idealistic teaching and learning conceptions. Moreover, there was a sharp distinction between the individual-centred and learner-centred conceptions of the participant PTs. Concrete recommendations for teacher preparation are offered to enhance the PTs’ shallow conceptions of teaching and learning.

Key words: Conceptions, teaching, learning, prospective teachers, phenomenography


 
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Pubmed Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard. Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning. EEO. 2020; 19(4): 1998-2016. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207


Web Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard. Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=121823 [Access: August 11, 2020]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard. Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning. EEO. 2020; 19(4): 1998-2016. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard. Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning. EEO. (2020), [cited August 11, 2020]; 19(4): 1998-2016. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207



Harvard Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard (2020) Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning. EEO, 19 (4), 1998-2016. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207



Turabian Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard. 2020. Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning. Elementary Education Online, 19 (4), 1998-2016. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207



Chicago Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard. "Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning." Elementary Education Online 19 (2020), 1998-2016. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard. "Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning." Elementary Education Online 19.4 (2020), 1998-2016. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yilmaz Soysal,Somayyeh Radmard (2020) Developing a phenomenographic argument for the exit-level prospective teachers’ conceptions about teaching and learning. Elementary Education Online, 19 (4), 1998-2016. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.763207