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Research Article 


Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto.

Abstract
This articles studies the politeness strategies that are used in negative response to criticism in the Javanese cultural community. The goal is to explain the cultural norms that regulate the way in which people in the Javanese cultural express a negative response to criticism, to discover thetype of contexts in which direct/ indirect strategies are used. The data collected by the DCT. The contexts of negative response were determined based on ąPower (ąP), ą sosial Distance (ąD), and ąDirect Criticicism (ąDC). The results of the analysis show that if a context contains (+P), the use of a direct strategy is very low. On the contrary, if a context contains (-P), the choice of the negative response strategy tends to be influenced by the use of the criticism strategy (ąDC). If the critic uses a direct strategy (+DC), the recipient also tends to use a direct strategy. If the critic uses an indirect strategy (-DC), the recipient also tends to use an indirect strategy. It can be concluded, therefore, that the type of negative response strategy used to respond to criticism in the Javanese cultural is determined by the parameter (ąP).

Key words: negative response to criticism, Javanesecultural community, direct strategy, indirect strategy.


 
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Pubmed Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto. Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 1137-1146. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124


Web Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto. Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=57138 [Access: April 09, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto. Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 1137-1146. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto. Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community. EEO. (2021), [cited April 09, 2021]; 20(5): 1137-1146. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124



Harvard Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto (2021) Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community. EEO, 20 (5), 1137-1146. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124



Turabian Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto. 2021. Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 1137-1146. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124



Chicago Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto. "Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 1137-1146. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto. "Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community." Elementary Education Online 20.5 (2021), 1137-1146. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Edy Jauhari, Dwi Purnanto (2021) Politeness Strategies in Negative Response to Criticism in the Javanese Cultural Community. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 1137-1146. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.124








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