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Research Article 


Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah.

Abstract
The study analyzes the behavior of household saving in Punjab province by using Họusehọld Integrated Economic Survey (HIES) conducted in 2015-16 by the Pakistan Bauru of Statistic (PBS). A sample of 4372 họusehọld selected for Punjab in which 2970 from urban and 1402 from rural Punjab. The study estimated three models separately for Punjab, Urban Punjab, and Rural Punjab. The ordinary least square (OLS) technique used to determine the relationship between variables. The result shows a positive relationship between họusehọld saving and họusehọld income and age. The Họusehọld consumption negative related to saving and results are statistically significant at 5 percent level. The gender of họusehọld revealed a positive relationship with saving in urban Punjab and negative in Punjab rural but it is not statistically significant. The overall result of the study revealed that họusehọld income, and age of head is main determinant of saving behavior in Punjab. Saving trend in rural area is more as compared to urban area in Punjab province. The study suggests that government should reduce fiscal deficits in the period of economic growth and increase saving for investment. The govt. should encourage the saving scheme in banks and micro finance institutions and reduce non development expenditure for productive purpose because the rate of growth depends on the level of national saving and the productivity of capital investment.

Key words: saving, Income, age, maternal status, Consumption, gender, urban, rural, Punjab, Pakistan.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah. Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 2951-2960. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321


Web Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah. Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=64715 [Access: April 09, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah. Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 2951-2960. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah. Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan. EEO. (2021), [cited April 09, 2021]; 20(5): 2951-2960. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321



Harvard Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah (2021) Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan. EEO, 20 (5), 2951-2960. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321



Turabian Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah. 2021. Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 2951-2960. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321



Chicago Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah. "Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 2951-2960. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah. "Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20.5 (2021), 2951-2960. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhammad Yasir Nadeem, Ayza Shoukat, Muhammad Abdullah (2021) Household Savings behavior in Rural and Urban Areas in Punjab, Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 2951-2960. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.321








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