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Research Article 


Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom.

Abstract
Objective:To examine the prevalence and relationship of smartphone addiction, nomophobia, and social anxiety.
Methodology: The study was carried out in two phases i.e., Translation and Tryout and Main Study. Survey research was conducted on the sample of college and university adolescents (N = 1050) which was approached using convenience sampling.
Results:Theregression analysis revealed that smartphone addiction is a significant predictor of social anxiety(β = .197, p< .001) and nomophobia (β = .58, p< .001).Findings showed that the prevalence of smartphone addiction was 13 % among male students and 13 % among female students whereas 15 % females and 11 % males were found to be higher on nomophobia. Besides this 15% males and 11%, females were high on social anxiety.
Conclusion:Smartphone addiction is a significant predictor of nomophobia and social anxiety. It is equally prevalent among males and females. Nomophobia was high in female students.Contrary to this social anxiety was high in males.

Key words: Smartphone addiction, nomophobia, social anxiety,university students,prevalence, adolescents.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom. Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 3588-3595. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394


Web Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom. Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=67512 [Access: April 09, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom. Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 3588-3595. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom. Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents. EEO. (2021), [cited April 09, 2021]; 20(5): 3588-3595. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394



Harvard Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom (2021) Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents. EEO, 20 (5), 3588-3595. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394



Turabian Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom. 2021. Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 3588-3595. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394



Chicago Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom. "Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 3588-3595. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom. "Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents." Elementary Education Online 20.5 (2021), 3588-3595. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sehrish Khan, Dr Mohsin Atta, Dr Najma Iqbal Malik, Irsa Fatima Makhdoom (2021) Prevalence and Relationship of Smartphone Addiction, Nomophobia, and Social Anxiety among College and University Late Adolescents. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 3588-3595. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.394








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