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Research Article 


Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan.

Abstract
This study sought to investigate the deprivation, exploitation and lack of pre-deportation assistance in Host Country and its effects on post-deportation life of the deported labours in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The data was collected from randomly selected, 322 deported labours by using close-ended social survey, and analyzed through univariate, bi-variate and multivariate level. It was found that the host countries did not promote assisted voluntary return migration, they did not inform migrants about deportation prior to departure, while they stopped the access of migrants to their personal belongings and those who have personal belongings at the time of arrestment, were confiscated from migrants in the host country. Similarly, they did not have specialized training opportunities prior to departure whereas the host and home countries and their embassies as well as the international community also did not offered any prior financial assistance for the successful re-integration of the deported people in their home country. This study would benefit policy-makers, decision-makers and stakeholders responsible for directing, supervising and implementing the successful re-integration of the deported labour in their country of origin.

Key words: Deprivation, Exploitation, Lack of Pre-deportation Assistance in Host Country and Re-Integration Challenges in Home Country.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan. Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 3919-3929. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430


Web Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan. Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=68280 [Access: April 09, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan. Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 3919-3929. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan. Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. EEO. (2021), [cited April 09, 2021]; 20(5): 3919-3929. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430



Harvard Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan (2021) Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. EEO, 20 (5), 3919-3929. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430



Turabian Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan. 2021. Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 3919-3929. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430



Chicago Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan. "Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 3919-3929. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan. "Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20.5 (2021), 3919-3929. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sami Ullah, Dr. Rashid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Israr, Riaz Ahmad, Muhammad Nawaz Khan (2021) Deported Labours without Prior Assistance and the Risks of ReIntegration Challenges in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 3919-3929. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.430








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