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Research Article 


ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani.

Abstract
The COVID 19 pandemic is changing the global and local social and economic order. This drastic change shook the energy security of various countries in the world as well as in Indonesia. This study explores energy security in the dimensions of accessibility, availability, and affordability when a pandemic occurs. The research method uses a desk study and literature review. The results of the study show a contradiction in the situation between consumers and producers. The dimension of accessibility is constrained by restrictions on supply chain and infrastructure development. Accelerating improvements in the national logistics system is the key to energy security in the Indonesian context.

Key words: COVID 19 pandemic, energy security, infrastructure development


 
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Pubmed Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani. ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT. EEO. 2020; 19(4): 3343-3347. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721


Web Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani. ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT. https://ilkogretim-online.org/?mno=74511 [Access: April 05, 2022]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani. ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT. EEO. 2020; 19(4): 3343-3347. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani. ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT. EEO. (2020), [cited April 05, 2022]; 19(4): 3343-3347. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721



Harvard Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani (2020) ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT. EEO, 19 (4), 3343-3347. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721



Turabian Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani. 2020. ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT. Elementary Education Online, 19 (4), 3343-3347. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721



Chicago Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani. "ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT." Elementary Education Online 19 (2020), 3343-3347. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani. "ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT." Elementary Education Online 19.4 (2020), 3343-3347. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Adis Imam Munandar, Rangga Deristaufani (2020) ENERGY SECURITY IN PANDEMIC ERA: INDONESIA CONTEXT. Elementary Education Online, 19 (4), 3343-3347. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764721








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