Factors Affecting Personal Initiative Among Employees: An Exploratory Study


  • Dr.Pradeep Joshi
  • Mr.Omdeep Gupta
  • Dr.Chandan Gupta


Personal Initiative, Intrinsic Motivation, Learning Goal Orientation


The current study explores the different factors that affect personal initiative (PI), specifically with respect to higher education. Since last two decades, the higher education is continuously witnessing transformations which may be due to changes in technology or
changes in pedagogy or changes in curriculum. With such transformations taking place in ecosystem, it becomes very challenging for the employees to deliver up to the mark education. In the context of such challenges the role of personal initiative among the
employees becomes very important. Reason being, the traditional methods may not be sufficient to help the organizations in overcoming such challenges. Previous studies have suggested intrinsic motivation and learning goal orientation to be two important factors predicting PI. The conclusions of current study are beneficial to the managers in higher education in helping them to enhance personal initiative in their organizations.




How to Cite

Dr.Pradeep Joshi, Mr.Omdeep Gupta, & Dr.Chandan Gupta. (2023). Factors Affecting Personal Initiative Among Employees: An Exploratory Study. Elementary Education Online, 20(4), 4097–4105. Retrieved from https://ilkogretim-online.org/index.php/pub/article/view/3227




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