ISSN 1305-3515
 

Research Article 


Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK.

Abstract
This study aimed to explore the essential qualities for elementary teachers specifically in the 21st century based on the perspectives of teacher educators, pre-service and in-service elementary teachers, and the authorities of the Ministry of National Education and the Council of Higher Education in Turkey. Designed as phenomenological research, the participants included 58 teacher educators, 29 pre-service elementary teachers, 28 in-service elementary teachers, four authorities from the Ministry of National Education and one authority from the Council of Higher Education, who were selected through criterion sampling, maximum variation sampling, and snowball sampling strategies. The data were collected through semi-structured face-to-face interviews, and analyzed by content analysis method. The participants reported that elementary teachers needed to possess certain qualities that include the essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes in the following domains: (1) information and communication technologies, (2) higher-order thinking skills, (3) autonomy and collaboration, (4) flexibility, (5) adaptation, (6) culturally responsiveness, (7) local and universal issues, (8) personal and professional development, (9) students with special needs, (10) differentiation, and (11) effective communication. The study does not only reflect the evolving needs of elementary teachers along with the changing characteristics of the societies in the 21st century, but it also offers a ground for the future directions of elementary teacher admission, preparation, certification, evaluation, and appointment policies.

Key words: Elementary teachers, Teacher competence, Teacher qualities, 21st century skills, Elementary teacher education, Phenomenology, Turkey


 
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Pubmed Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK,. Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders . doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045


Web Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK,. Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders . http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=20218 [Access: December 04, 2020]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK,. Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders . doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK,. Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders . doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045



Harvard Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK, (2021) Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders . doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045



Turabian Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK,. 2021. Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders . doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045



Chicago Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK,. "Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders ." doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK,. "Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders ." doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sibel AKIN, Ahmet OK, (2021) Essential qualities for elementary teachers of the 21st century: Voices of key stakeholders . doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.045