ISSN 1305-3515
 

Research Article 


Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale

Çiğdem AKIN-ARIKAN.

Abstract
The aim of this study is to determine whether the Turkish version of the General Self-Efficacy Scale has gender and longitudinal measurement invariance. The study group in this research comprised 682 university students (371 female and 301 male) in the first group and 438 students (270 female and 168 male) in the second group. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to assess measurement invariance. The measurement model was limited and invariance was tested in four stages. Comparisons related to the invariance model used the Satorra-Bentler chi-square difference test (SB). The results of the research found that the General Self-Efficacy scale abided by longitudinal measurement invariance while the metric invariance condition was provided across gender.

Key words: Invariance, longitudinal, gender, general self-efficacy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN. Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale . EEO. 2021; 20(1): 608-616. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51


Web Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN. Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale . http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=41313 [Access: January 07, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN. Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale . EEO. 2021; 20(1): 608-616. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN. Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale . EEO. (2021), [cited January 07, 2021]; 20(1): 608-616. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51



Harvard Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN (2021) Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale . EEO, 20 (1), 608-616. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51



Turabian Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN. 2021. Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale . Elementary Education Online, 20 (1), 608-616. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51



Chicago Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN. "Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale ." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 608-616. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN. "Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale ." Elementary Education Online 20.1 (2021), 608-616. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cigdem AKIN-ARIKAN (2021) Testing of Gender and Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of General Self-Efficacy Scale . Elementary Education Online, 20 (1), 608-616. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.51