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Research Article 


A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed.

Abstract
As a result of the economic crisis in Pakistan, debt has had a negative impact on life and is perhaps one of the biggest causes of rising deprivation over the decades. This study examines the impact of debt services on income distribution in Pakistan, analyzed with time-series data from 1984 to 2018.
This has shown that currency devaluation is a threat to income distribution in developing countries. The previous analysis shows that international remittances to developing countries have a positive effect.
The Autoregressive Distributed Lags (ARDL) was the method used to examine the impact of debt on income distribution.
The findings illustrate the significant and positive relationship between debt service and Gini Coefficient Index, which shows that an increase in debt will result in an increase in income distribution.

Key words: ARDL, Income distribution, Debt Services, Remittances, Exchange rate.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed. A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 2934-2950. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320


Web Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed. A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=64713 [Access: April 09, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed. A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 2934-2950. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed. A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan. EEO. (2021), [cited April 09, 2021]; 20(5): 2934-2950. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320



Harvard Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed (2021) A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan. EEO, 20 (5), 2934-2950. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320



Turabian Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed. 2021. A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 2934-2950. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320



Chicago Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed. "A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 2934-2950. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed. "A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20.5 (2021), 2934-2950. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Israr Hussain, Ayza Shoukat, Kashif Bilal Majeed (2021) A Nexus between Institutional Quality, Debt Burden, Exchange Rate Depreciation, Foreign Remittances and Distribution of Income. A Time Series Data Analysis for Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 2934-2950. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.320








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