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Research Article 


EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar.

Abstract
Despite being the largest archipelagic state and having a vast number of qualified seafarers, Indonesia is still not considered a key supplying nation of seafarers - by the global merchant ship community. This study aims to describe Indonesia's capabilities as a supplying country (opportunities) and the perceptions of international shipowners/ managers toward employing Indonesian seafarers (challenges), generally and specifically during the COVID19 pandemic. Methods deployed in this study were qualitative exploratory descriptive using observational primary and secondary data collected from an Indonesian ship crew agency. The study concludes that Indonesia as a country and its infrastructure is ready to become a key supplying country of seafarers from the SE Asia region and the event of a COVID-19 pandemic has shown an increasing demand for the employment of Indonesian seafarers, which also confirms the acceptance by the international merchant ship-owners of the competence equality of Indonesian seafarers to their Filipino counterparts. This paper recommends a coordinated effort at the national level involving key stakeholders – that highlights the importance of promoting Indonesian seafarers to the international merchant ship community.

Key words: largest archipelagic state, seafarers, COVID-19 pandemic


 
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Pubmed Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar. EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC. EEO. 2020; 19(4): 3339-3342. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720


Web Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar. EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC. https://ilkogretim-online.org/?mno=74510 [Access: April 05, 2022]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar. EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC. EEO. 2020; 19(4): 3339-3342. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar. EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC. EEO. (2020), [cited April 05, 2022]; 19(4): 3339-3342. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720



Harvard Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar (2020) EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC. EEO, 19 (4), 3339-3342. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720



Turabian Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar. 2020. EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC. Elementary Education Online, 19 (4), 3339-3342. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720



Chicago Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar. "EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC." Elementary Education Online 19 (2020), 3339-3342. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar. "EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC." Elementary Education Online 19.4 (2020), 3339-3342. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ayub Dwi Pranata Junus, Adis Imam Munandar (2020) EMPLOYMENT OF INDONESIA SEAFARERS: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES DURING NORMAL AND PANDEMIC. Elementary Education Online, 19 (4), 3339-3342. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.04.764720








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