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Research Article 


Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari*.

Abstract
Education brings benefits both at micro and macro levels. It is the universal and basic right of every individual without discrimination. The objectives of the current research were to examine the household characteristics of the respondents; their attitude towards children’ education; their satisfaction regarding the school facilities and to know the teachers related issues in South Punjab, Pakistan. The researcher used the quantitative data and 975 household heads whose children were aged between (05-09) years were selected for the study. 3 Divisions of South Punjab namely (i) Bahawalpur (ii) Multan and (iii) Dera Ghazi Khan were selected for data collection by using the multi-stage sampling. It was found that poor socio-economic background of parents; negative parental attitude, poor school facilities and teacher relate concerns played a vital role in the prohibiting of children in the studied area. It is suggested that educational awareness campaigns should start at union council level in which parents should sensitize towards children education and build unbiased attitude towards sons and daughters’ education. The educational budget should increase, remove the schools deficiencies; hire new teachers on urgent basis and give them training for achieving the Universal educational targets.

Key words: Education, Basic Right, Parental Attitude, School Facilities, Educational Budget


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari. Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 5428-5433. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609


Web Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari. Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=74240 [Access: April 18, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari. Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 5428-5433. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari. Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan. EEO. (2021), [cited April 18, 2021]; 20(5): 5428-5433. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609



Harvard Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari (2021) Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan. EEO, 20 (5), 5428-5433. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609



Turabian Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari. 2021. Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 5428-5433. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609



Chicago Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari. "Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 5428-5433. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari. "Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20.5 (2021), 5428-5433. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zahid Zulfiqar, Kamran Ishfaq, Tariq Mehmood Bhuttah, Abdul Sattar Ghaffari (2021) Contributing factor of Educational Exclusion: A Study of South Punjab, Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 5428-5433. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.609








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