Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Research Article 


Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN.

Abstract
School culture (SC) and school climate are terms frequently used interchangeably. However, both are intangible but essential elements within a schoolís environment and personality. Therefore, the study set out to first determine what elements made up a Thai schoolís culture. From this analysis, eight indicators were identified including values (VA), image (IM), administrative skills (AS), communications environment (CE), policies and planning (PP), participation (PA), equality (EQ), and flexibility (FL). Having identified the studyís assessment indicators, multistage random sampling was used in the 2020 academic year to select 324 teachers and 100 school administrators (n=424) from six areas in the Bangkok metropolitan area operating under the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Department of education (BMA-DOE). The research instrument used for the survey was a questionnaire utilizing a five-level opinion scale. Descriptive statistics analysis for each educatorís opinions used SPSS for Windows 21, which included analysis of the mean (ūĚĎ•), standard deviation (ŌÉ), skewness, and kurtosis, along with the final second-order CFA using LISREL 9.1. Results revealed that Thai educators and administrators viewed administrative skills (AS=0.90) as most important. This was followed by the schoolís culture equality (EQ=0.89), flexibility (FL-0.86), communications environment (CE=0.84), image (IM=0.80), participation (PA=0.79), policies and planning (PP=0.72), and finally, values (VA=0.67). Finally, all elements were determined to be consistent with the modeling with Chi-Square490.31 = , df = 523, p =0.84, ÔĀ£2/ df = 0.94, RMR =0.03,SRMR =0.03,RMSEA = 0.00, GIF =0.94, and AGIF =0.92.

Key words: Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA), Bangkok Schools, School Culture Equality, School Culture Flexibility, Thailand


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Benjamas HANKLA
Articles by Boonchan SISAN
Articles by Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN. Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). EEO. 2021; 20(5): 5832-5843. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657


Web Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN. Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=76267 [Access: April 26, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN. Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). EEO. 2021; 20(5): 5832-5843. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN. Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). EEO. (2021), [cited April 26, 2021]; 20(5): 5832-5843. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657



Harvard Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN (2021) Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). EEO, 20 (5), 5832-5843. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657



Turabian Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN. 2021. Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 5832-5843. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657



Chicago Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN. "Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 5832-5843. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN. "Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)." Elementary Education Online 20.5 (2021), 5832-5843. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Benjamas HANKLA, Boonchan SISAN, Pariyaporn TUNGKUNANAN (2021) Determinants of Thai Primary School Culture: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 5832-5843. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.657








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexing

›lköūretim Online (IOO) - Elementary Education Online (EEO) is indexed in:


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS